With "intent" comes a different charge altogether. Then the driver would be charged with "criminal negligence causing bodily harm" or "criminal negligence causing death".
And you're entirely correct about the sentiment regarding someone that is charged with "careless driving" when a death is involved. The public is often outraged, however its important to keep in mind, we only see what is reported in the media. There is often much more to the case!
Also, the line between "careless" and "dangerous" can get fuzzy at times. It really depends on the facts of the case, the availability of independent witnesses, road conditions, location of the incident, time of day, etc etc.
I suppose there is really no, "one size fits all" approach!